The technical specifications of your camera often sound very impressive. On the camera box, you’ll see words like “20 megapixels on a high quality CMOS sensor.” Or “powerful VR II lens included.” Sorting through all of the jargon to understand exactly what you’re buying, might be difficult for those new to photography. How do you know if you even need all of your camera’s features? If you have a user manual, now’s a good time to open it. Then turn to the tech specs section and make sure you understand exactly what your camera can do. Or if you’re in the market for one, continue on to ensure you’re making an informed decision.
Digital Camera Central
Exposure and composition are the foundations for creating great photos. If you don’t understand these concepts, you will never be able to take your camera out of auto mode. Images are created when light hits a camera sensor. Controlling the amount of light and how it hits the sensor is the most important thing to master.
Highly coveted by many photographers since its release, The LX100 is a point-and-shoot camera with a fixed 24-75mm f/1.7-2.8 Leica lens. With a weight of just over 14 ounces, a relatively compact form factor, and classic rangefinder-style controls, you have one of the best bridges between a phone camera and an interchangeable lens mirrorless or DSLR. The fast, very sharp Leica lens is paired well with the 12.8 Megapixel sensor. It makes for a fun and precise shooting experience for most travel, street, and general photography. If you’re going out for the evening with friends, this is the camera to bring.
While photography is essentially capturing an image of a subject using a camera, there are several types worth considering. The types discussed here are what most people think of when asked about photography. Therefore, they are general overviews of how you can classify photos. A macro photo can also be a wildlife photo and a portrait. A landscape can also be black and white, or a night photo. There are also many other “subcategories,” such as architecture or fashion photography. Fashion photography is related to portraiture in most ways, but also has some differences. So use these as rough guidelines to consider what style you prefer and what gear is needed.
Besides the camera, there are many pieces of equipment and accessories you’ll need. There are so many options, it can be overwhelming. In this section, we will go through the most common types of equipment you’ll need in order to get started in photography.
Modern digital cameras come in three major types, compact cameras, DSLRs, and mirrorless cameras. Each has unique advantages and disadvantages, and all are capable of creating excellent photographs.
Photography is an art form nearly 200 years old. The very first photograph that we know of was taken by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in France around 1826. Titled “View from the Window at Le Gras,” it was created by coating a pewter plate with natural asphalt. Over an eight hour exposure, the parts exposed to bright light hardened. The dimly lit portions of the photo-to-be could be washed away with a chemical solution. And the result was an early photograph. We’ve come from this impressive, if inelegant, design to having pocket-sized devices capable of taking dozens of detailed, color images per second.
Mirrorless cameras are the next generation of digital camera technology. They take the interchangeable lens system of DSLR cameras and do away with the internal mirrors. Instead, the image sensor acts as autofocus system, image generator, and viewfinder all at once. Nikon is better known as a DSLR-brand in the photography world. However, the company’s Nikon 1 series of cameras is growing as interest in mirrorless technology grows. The Nikon 1 J5 is the newest entry-level model available, and has a very modest MSRP of $499.95 with kit lens. But entry-level does not mean boring or low-quality. The Nikon 1 J5 has some unique features sure to tempt just about any photographer. Let’s explore those features below!
Mirrorless cameras are the newcomers to the digital camera world. Most people are familiar with DSLR-style cameras. They have lenses you can change in and out, to create all sorts of photography effects. Mirrorless cameras have the same ability to swap lenses. However, a DSLR has a complex system of internal mirrors. These mirrors direct light to an autofocus system, image sensor, or viewfinder.
The smartphone is one of the most common personal devices in the world today. It can do so much; and the camera function of today’s smartphones get a lot of attention. The earliest smartphone cameras were good for catching a grainy image, but times have changed incredibly quickly. The best smartphones on the market have features formerly reserved for dedicated cameras. Optical image stabilization, better autofocus systems, shutter speed adjustments, and tons of creative photo apps make them very attractive. And the number one reason of all is that you’re always going to be carrying your phone with you. So having your phone do double-duty as a camera seems like the obvious answer, right?